What are the different types of arthritis?

What are the different types of arthritis?

There are actually more than a hundred types of arthritis but these are the most common types of arthritis which affect a lot of people:

  • Osteoarthritis is the most common of the types of arthritis and is the second most common cause of disability among adults in the United States. It is also a common cause of disability worldwide. It is characterized by the progressive deterioration and loss of cartilage in one or more joints. Weight bearing joints like the hips and knees, the vertebral column, and the hands are primarily affected because they are used most often. Osteoarthritis as one of the types of arthritis can also be classified as nodal (with hand involvement) or non-nodal (without hand involvement).
  • Rheumatoid arthritis is one of those types of arthritis and one of the most common connective tissue diseases and is the most destructive to the joints. It is a chronic, progressive, systemic inflammatory autoimmune disease process that primarily affects the synovial joints. Systemic mean this disease affects the body system, affecting many joints and other tissues.
  • Lupus Erythematosus has two main classifications: discoid lupus Erythematosus (DLE) and systemic lupus Erythematosus (SLE). A small percentage of clients with lupus have the DLE type, which affects only the skin. These types of arthritis are just one of them.

Other types of Arthritis

SLE is a chronic, progressive, inflammatory connective tissue disorder that can cause major body organs and systems to fail. It is characterized by spontaneous remissions and exacerbations, and the onset may be acute or insidious. The condition is potentially fatal, but the survival rate has improved dramatically most recently in countries where SLE is diagnosed early and treated adequately. Today more than 90% of clients with SLE are living 10 years after diagnosis. Improvements in determining the cause, diagnosis, and treatment of lupus account for the prolonged survival of these clients.

Progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS), one of a family of diseases, is often referred to as systemic scleroderma. It means hardening of the skin, which is only one clinical manifestation of PSS. As the name implies, it is a generalized, systemic disease. It is less common than systemic lupus erythematosus but is associated with a higher mortality rate.

Other types of Arthritis

Gout, or gouty arthritis, one of the types of arthritis, is a systemic disease in which urate crystals deposit in the joints and other body tissues, causing inflammation. There are two major types of arthritis in gout: primary and secondary. Hence, knowing the types of arthritis, you would know a lot about gouty arthritis.

Primary gout is part of the types of arthritis, it is also the most common type and results from one of several inborn errors of purine metabolism. The production of uric acid exceeds the excretion capability of the kidneys; sodium urate is deposited in synovium and other tissues, resulting in inflammation.

Secondary gout involves hyperuricemia caused by another disease. It affects people of all ages. Hence, one of the types of arthritis.

Pseudogout is a disease that mimics the clinical manifestations of gout. However, the crystals deposited in the joints are calcium pyrophosphate, not sodium urate. Theses crystals usually migrate to cartilage, but they can also deposit in tendons, ligaments, and synovium. Hence if you know the different types of arthritis, then maybe you will know how to deal with them.

Psoriatic arthritis, also one of those types of arthritis, affects about 5%-10% of people who have psoriasis, a skin condition characterized by a scaly, itchy rash, usually on the elbows, knees and scalp. The joint pain associated with this condition is stiffness, especially in the morning. There are a lot of types of arthritis so you need to classify which you have.