Treatment for Ringworm in cats?
Diagnosing Ringworm in cats
My cat has quite a few tough scabs on his nose that seem to have spread and more recently I have noticed one above his eye. I have done some investigating on the internet and it appears that he has ringworm. I am aware that you cannot by treatment for animals that have ringworm without prescription from the vet. My vet wants to charge £130 plus for a biopsy before giving treatment but it is very obvious that it is ringworm in cats and I want ringworm treatment for my cat without having to have the biopsy, do you think if I ask the vet they would give a prescription and treat the Ringworm in cats wihtout having to have the biopsy
What are the symptoms of ringworm in cats?
Ringworm in cats may have lesions, which appear different depending on where they occur and how long they have been present. The classic symptom is a small round lesion that is devoid of hair. The lesion will often have scaly skin in the center. Small pustules are often found in the lesion. The lesion may start as a small spot and continue to grow in size. The lesion may or may not be irritated and itchy. The lesions are most common on the head, ears, and tail. In some infections, the fungus will not be in a circle and can spread across the face or nose and look like an autoimmune disease or other generalized skin disease. Occasionally, the infection will occur over the entire body and create a generalized scaly or greasy skin condition. Chronic ear infections are also occasionally caused by ringworm.
How is Ringworm in cats diagnosed?
Ringworm in cats can be diagnosed through several different methods. A popular but not completely accurate way to diagnose the disease is through the use of a specialized black light called a Wood’s lamp. Several species of the ringworm fungus will glow a fluorescent color when exposed to a Wood’s lamp. However, it is estimated that up to half of the most common species of M. canis do not fluoresce under a Wood’s lamp. In addition, a healthy animal may have spores on her coat but may not have an active infection.
Another method for identifying ringworm is to pluck and examine hairs on the periphery of the lesion under the microscope. Between 40% and 70% of the infections can be diagnosed this way.
The best and most accurate way to identify a ringworm infection is by collecting scales and crust from the skin and coat and performing a culture. There are special culture mediums designed specifically for identifying ringworm infections. Your local veterinarian can easily perform this routine culture.
How is Ringworm in cats treated?
In healthy short haired kittens and cats with small isolated lesions, the ringworm in cats infection will often resolve without treatment in about four months. The goal with these animals is to treat any underlying conditions, provide good nutrition, and prevent the spread to other animals. Remission of the disease without treatment is also possible in longhaired cats although it might take from 1 to 4 years to resolve. Longhaired cats especially Persians and Himalayans in breeding colonies can be very difficult to treat.
In more severe cases, several different treatments are used. For isolated lesions, the area around the lesion should be thoroughly clipped down close to the skin. Care should be taken when clipping not to irritate the skin, as this may make the infection spread. Also realize that the clipped hair, clippers, and any grooming instruments that come into contact with an infected animal will harbor the spores and must be heat or chemically sterilized before being used on any other animal. The lesions can then be treated topically twice a day with a topical antifungal medication. Several well known dermatologists insist that all longhaired cats must be shaved completely if the owner wants to have any success with treating ringworm. Popular topical treatments include miconazole cream, Lotrimin cream, or 1% chlorhexidine ointment. Because of the risk of a cat becoming an asymptomatic carrier, a cat should also be shampooed or dipped with an antifungal product. A 0.5% chlorhexidine shampoo, 2% miconazole shampoo, ketoconazole shampoo, lime sulfur dip, or a 2% chlorhexidine solution that is applied every 2 to 4 days have been used effectively, however, the lime sulfur dip is the most highly recommended. Topical treatment must be continued for 6-10 weeks, or for at least 2 weeks after the lesions have resolved.
Another treatment for ringworm in cats is to use oral antifungal agents. Historically, griseofulvin was the drug of choice. Ketoconazole, and most recently itraconazole, have been used successfully. These products all have to be given for several months, and because of their potential toxicity, must only be used under close direct veterinary supervision.
Some veterinarians have recommended using Program® (the once-a-month flea pill) at a higher dose to treat ringworm in cats, but its efficacy is controversial. It is generally safe, and its use may be warranted in animals that are debilitated or have other serious medical conditions.
There is an injectable ringworm vaccine available for cats. The product is FEL-O-VAX® MC-K from Fort Dodge. The vaccine has been used successfully in some ringworm eradication and control programs, however, due to the resistant nature of the ringworm fungus, there are cases where the vaccine fails to control or completely cure a ringworm in cats infection. The recommendation by the manufacturer is to only use this product in cats over four months of age. After an initial dose is administered, a second dose is given 12-16 days later. A third dose is given 26-30 days after the second dose. This product is only effective against M. canis in cats, so for best results, a culture and treatment plan from a local veterinarian should be obtained.
Because the ringworm fungus can survive for such long periods in the environment, it is critical that an effective cleaning plan be used in all infections. The spores are very resistant to most cleaners, however, bleach diluted to 1:10 with water or chlorhexidine will kill most of the organisms. All grooming tools, bedding, and kennels should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected. Carpets should be steam cleaned and disinfected. Heating and cooling ducts and furnaces should be professionally vacuumed and filters replaced. Housing units that contain wood or rusty metal should be re-painted.
Pets’BestRx Ringworm Pack for Ringworm in Cats Treatment
This ringworm treatment product for ringworm in cats is perfect for the beginning stages of Ringworm or when your cat only has one or two sores. Safe for ears, under eyes and any place on the body.
- Your pet can sleep better because they will not be scratching all of the time
- Stops your pet from making sores that can lead to infections
- Saves money not having a vet bill to treat ringworm
- Controls spreading because pet is not scratching the spores all over the house
- Less stress for you not having to watch your pet suffer
- More playful pet because they will no longer be scratching all of the time
- Helps your pet to stay away from any fungal infections specially ringworm in cats.