Collembola and Morgellons
Collembola and morgellons Information
None of the images presented in Altschuler et al. (2004), except possibly the “enhanced” version of Figure 2 (p. 91), bear the slightest resemblance to any springtail or springtail body parts, nor can the pieces in Figs. 1 and 3 be reasonably construed to represent a part of any particular organism. Having examined many Collembola from Canadian and Burmese Cretaceous amber, as well as thousands of preserved pitfall trap and Tullgren funnel-extracted specimens, we can categorically state that the fossils and collected specimens are far more recognizable as Collembola than are these photographed scrapings.
- Skin Parasites
- What is morgellons disease?
- Skin Parasites Facts
- Is it a physical or psychological disorder?
- Treatment for morgellons Disease
- Effective Treatment for Collembola and morgellons
Facts and Information about Skin Parasites
- If reading about skin parasites hasn’t left you feeling a little itchy, you’re probably in the minority.
- While most common skin parasites do not not carry disease, the website Emedicinehealth.com warns that ,”Scratching the itchy bites that parasites leave behind can lead to infection.
- I think my dog has skin parasites, constant itching, raised bumps on her back starting at her tail.
- There are a couple skin parasites which are quite bad and if a person ends up infected with one, he or she will have lots of problems.
- Bedbugs are nocturnal skin parasites drawn to body heat and carbon dioxide.
Collembola and morgellons Review
Figure 2 is purported to represent a springtail, but this image received contrast enhancement to bring out a springtail-like blob. The authors also stated that “Identification of Collembola in scrapings…required intensive scrutiny of the photographs and was initially very difficult” (p. 89). Collembola simply are not that difficult to detect and if present should have been readily visible. Collembola are arthropods and have exoskeletons composed of a head and usually nine distinct
body segments; the mouthparts, especially, are sclerotized and should have been easily visible at the magnifications mentioned in the paper. The mere labeling of a vaguely recognizable blob, as in Fig. 2, does not validate the identification of the parts, which in this case is more similar to identifying animals by looking at clouds. Berenbaum (2005), referring to the Altschuler et al. paper, recognized
this mistaken identification as an example of pareidolia: a type of illusion or misperception involving a vague or obscure stimulus being perceived as something clear and distinct (Carroll 2008). Therefore, neither the original nor enhanced Figure 2 can be accepted as proof of springtails inhabiting human skin lesions.
Collembola and morgellons Cases
There are many records of Collembola found on humans (Janssens and Christiansen, 2007). Almost all of the validated cases have involved Collembola 538 ENTOMOLOGICAL NEWS in head hair. In most but not all of these cases, the people involved have been associated with horses, and it has been suggested, although never proven, that fungi associated with horses were growing on the hair and that Collembola were feeding on the fungi. In another interesting case in Sweden, a number of springtails were reported to inhabit the genital region of a woman experiencing a “nervous disorder,” including weak but annoying itching (Bryk 1955). Bryk’s review of the case suggests that the initial source of this infestation was poor hygiene or housekeeping, as the floor of the bathroom was damp and “the toilet brush was teeming with these parasites;” and Bryk himself discounted the ability of springtails to bite people. In all the above-mentioned cases, the springtails involved were one or more members of the family Entomobryidae, several members of which are often found in drier environments, including homes and hospitals, than most Collembola prefer.
There is a single clearly validated case of a biologist, who had been actively aspirating springtails in the Arctic, getting an infestation of Collembola in his nasal passages. In all of the cases mentioned above, large numbers of active Collembola were seen and could be collected easily. (The nasal passage infection became apparent when Collembola appeared abundantly
in nasal discharge.)
Other apparently dispassionate reports have lacked the necessary scientific rigor to be taken seriously. For instance, Amin (2003) presented an image (Fig. 5) of a supposed springtail from a human lesion, but this arthropod does not seem to have been examined by a specialist in the group, and certainly is no springtail.
If live Collembola are involved in the various infections, then the springtails should be visible to the unaided eye on the surface. To our knowledge, there is no recorded case of a Collembola burrowing in anything, anywhere, or found imbedded in any tissue. Only a few species of Collembola are known to live even commensally with other animals: two species of Coenaletidae with hermit crabs in the spaces between the animal and the adopted shell (Bellinger 1985); Cyphoderidae, commensal
with bees, ants, or termites (Hopkin 1997); and Axelsonia johnstoni (Isotomidae) from the gill chambers of a land crab on Java (Jordana 1997). Collembola are morphologically and physiologically ill-suited for burrowing.
Their respiration requires gaseous exchange through the cuticle, impossible if the specimen is surrounded by tissue. If there were forms burrowing in human tissue, they certainly would be highly specialized in form. Those that live in the soil are limited to the interstices of the soil between soil grains; those living on plants restrict themselves entirely to the surfaces.
Where soil particles have very small spaces between grains (e.g. some clays), Collembola do not occur. Thus, if Collembola were in fact the cause of the crawling sensation, they should be on the surface of the human skin, visible to the naked eye, and collectible. We have been deeply involved with analysis of these supposed infections for years.
Between us, we have studied hundreds of photographs and received over 200 samples of specimens and allegedly infected tissues; many of our colleagues here and overseas have had similar experiences. The samples have only one thing Volume 119, Number 5, November and December 2008 539 in common: none involved whole Collembola or, among the specimens and tissue samples, even springtail fragments. The photographs in Altschuler et al., supposedly of Collembola, require considerable imagination and cannot be taken as definitive evidence of human infestation by Collembola.
The Best Value for an individual treating an advanced case of Skin Parasites. Cleanses the skin to combat the Skin Parasites living on you, and gets rid of the Skin Parasites living in your environment to eliminate the chance of getting infested again.
- Know you will finally be able to leave your home again without worrying about infecting others
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- Get your life back with personal contact with your loved ones, start hugging your kids again
- Treat yourself from the privacy of your own home
- Sleep better at night because you are not waking up to itch
- Stop the crawling sensations in your hair.
Facts About This Topic
- Morgellons, also referred to as unexplained dermopathy or fiber disease, is a collection of symptoms that primarily involve the skin.
- Since the medical community does not know what Fiber Disease is, they do not know how to combat the symptoms.
- Parasitic infection may cause nerve damage that impairs the sensory or cognitive mechanisms of females.
- Negative ions kill parasites whether they are from electric current, ozone, or magnets.
- Chagas’ disease is by far the most important parasitic infection of the heart and one that it is currently considered a global parasitic infection due to the growing migration of populations from areas where these infections are highly endemic to settings where they are not endemic.
- Face mites, also known as hair follicle mites, thrive on nearly all human faces.
- It is called Morgellons, the fiber disease, a mysterious skin disease that is currently spreading across the globe.
- Scaly face mites bury under the skin on the bird’s legs, feet, and around the beak.
- Fiber Disease is a condition that is mysteriously striking at random with no preference for age, race, geographical location or social class and the medical community knows little about its causes or how to cure it.
Associated Web Sites
- A good description of crystal formations, tests and manner of operation and purpose of these Morgellons elements can be explained. Please do not think these are purely biological. These are SuperMacromolecular …